Wild vs Domesticated Foods Ep.3

Wild vs Domesticated Foods Ep.3

From the initial discovery of a wild food
through its cultivation to today I’ve got more foods for you starting with the Apricot. Cultivated for over 3000 years in China, the
apricot was eaten raw or smoked and sold as black smoked apricots. During these times their seeds were also used
to flavor dishes. This would make you think they come from China
but this isn’t so sure. Their scientific name Prunus armeniaca suggests
they come from Armenia where it is thought that Alexander the Great brought apricots
from Armenia to Greece. Writings from these times don’t confirm
this though. Other research suggests that the apricot came
from Kabul, Afghanistan. It seems there may have been 5 different types
during this time with one of them falling apart if even touched with the most delicate
pressure. The wild native to the common apricot, Armeniaca
vulgaris was yellow with an acidic taste and didn’t taste very good. Despite their Armeniaca name the species probably
originated from China, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan but who knows it may have come
from Afghanistan, not sure we’ll ever know. To produce an apricot a hot summer, spring
with no frost and a cool winter is needed to produce fruit. Genetically the apricot is between a plum
and a peach. For 1700 years apricots were considered to
be an early peach but were eventually put into their own fruit group. 10 varieties of apricots were cultivated by
seed in India and as this fruit became more popular it was cultivated from Japan and China
all the way to northern Africa. Cultivation moved it’s way up to southern
Europe most notably Damascus where much bigger farming practices took place. During this time a fruit called mish mish
found among the oases of Egypt was dried and consumed for some time. It wasn’t until later on they were identified
to be wild apricots that came from seeds of discarded apricots, so basically someone brought
them there chucked the seeds on the ground at the oasis and 10 years later people were
calling them mish mish fruit. As cultivation progressed different varieties
were developed like the Siberian apricot which is able to take much colder temperatures. Cultivation brought on many new varieties
and big demand for this fruit in hungry, rome and italy. They can be grafted onto a plum tree or peach
tree rootstock or can be made into what is called a fruit salad tree which has a different
fruit on each branch as I have here. This tree has nectarines, peaches, couple
varieties of plums with the base of the tree being the apricot. Lettuce
Next up we have lettuce. Coming from the prickly lettuce or the Lactuca
serriola L. the wild lettuce was a, as the name suggests a prickly leafed vegetable,
that was first cultivated in ancient Egypt for the oil from its seeds. The Egyptians selectively bred the spiny lettuce
to improve their leaves starting in 2680 BCE. Considered to be a sacred plant of reproduction
god Min, the prickly leafed lettuce was placed near images of him during festivals. The prickly leafed lettuce has been immortalized
in wall paintings, images in tombs and used in religious ceremonies. Once cultivated they measure 30 inches or
75 cm which is about the size of a large romaine lettuce. After developed by the Egyptians they were
brought to the Greeks who brought them to Rome. Around 50 CE it was described by Roman agriculturist
Columella that there were several varieties of lettuce at this point. During the reign of Domitian, the Romans ate
their lettuce cooked with an olive oil and vinegar dressing before the meal came which
is where this tradition began. Around 1100 lettuce started showing up in
medieval writings primarily as a medicinal herb. Joachim Camerarius described in 1586 three
of our modern lettuces today, loose leaf lettuce, romaine lettuce and head lettuce. First brought to the Americas by Christopher
Columbus in the late 15th century. In Holland between the 16th and 18th century
many varieties were developed but lettuce was never transported far from where it was
grown due to its perishability. It wasn’t until the early 20th century with
the development of new shipping, packing and storage techniques that lettuce was starting
to be shipping much further than before. Vacuum cooling a revolutionary development
really changed the shipment of lettuce in the 1950s. Before vacuum cooling a method called ice-cooling
was used in packing houses just outside the lettuce fields. Lettuce has come a long way with 100s of varieties
that have been created which most are vastly different than the original prickly lettuce
a tough, bitter tasting spiny unpleasant lettuce. Asian Pear
A common fruit in China, Japan, Korea for much time the asian pear’s popularity is
spreading around the world. Cultivated for over 3000 years much like the
apricot, all asian pears experienced hybridization and originated from 5 primitive genepools. 4 of these genepools come from asian species:
P. betulaefolia, P. pashia, P. pyrifolia, and P. ussuriensis with the 5th in question
potentially being one of these but since I’m already going to get roasted for my ability
to pronounce scientific names we’ll skip the callouts to all these varieties. The true origin is unclear but they are believed
to have come from the western and southwestern mountainous areas of China. Most cultivated pears native to asia come
from P. ussuriensis, P. sinkiangensis and P. pyrifolia. These wild asian pears were only 1 cm or less
than half an inch in diameter and grow on large trees that are covered in them. A whole bunch of selective cross breeding
has led to what we have today as 3 common asian pears or the pyrus pyrifolia. The Chinese white pear, Chinese Sand pear
and Japanese pear. At this point you may have noticed not all
asian pears look the same, the Chinese type are shaped more like european pears where
Japanese ones are more like apples and are the predominant ones grown in the United States. Of the Japanese are 2 main types Akanashi
asian pears which are yellowish brown where Aonashi type are more of a greenish yellow. The most common Japanese varieties grown today
are, all these varieties you see here on the screen which I’m not going to read out,
out of respect for the Japanese language. The first Asian pear to land in the United
States was a Chinese sand pear in New York in 1820. Asian pears continually came with Chinese
and Japanese immigrants all the way through the 1850s. Oregon and California are the largest producers
of asian pears in the US with a total of 5000 acres dedicated to growing them. Today there are 100s of varieties grown that
usually take 4 years to bear fruit after planting and require a long cool period or chill requirement
to start the growing process. They offer up a crisp apple-like bite with
sometimes a sour-tasting core. Cashews
The cashew, originating in north-eastern brazil between the Atlantic rainforest and the Amazon
rainforest, this area is almost desert-like with its dry savannah woodland and thorn scrub
terrain. This is important as cashews will grow in
the rainforest but won’t produce much fruit at all unless they have distinct wet and dry
seasons. The cashew or scientifically Anacardium occidentale
appears to have come from Anacardium excelsum or the wild cashew. More commonly known as espave this massive
tree is as tall as a 7 story building, it offers up an edible seed and inedible fruit
that is S shaped and despite it being inedible.. It apparently tastes somewhat like strawberries. This wild cashew was domesticated before the
arrival of the Europeans. The Portuguese brought the cashew to east
Africa and the west coast of India in the 16th century only a short time after it’s
discovery in 1578. In India it was planted initially to reduce
erosion as well as for the nut with development of the cashew apple happening much later. These trees thrived in India and became well
established. They were also brought up to Central America
and the Caribbean islands. The nuts were already domesticated before
Europeans arrived in Brazil, the Native people of South America had figured out that roasting
the nuts in fire would remove the caustic oil which would allow it be to eaten without
becoming ill. This technique wasn’t known outside of this
area for some time though so only the apple was used. Once word got out the Europeans capitalized
on this knowledge as well as the medicinal effects of the juice, bark and the caustic
seed oil. India being the world’s hub for cashew production
up until recently developed more refined methods of removing the caustic shell oil which gave
birth to the cashew nut industry. A British butler developed a vacuum packing
system which prolongs the shelf life of the cashew. Over the course of half a decade cashews have
been domesticated to produce high yielding varieties, significantly more than their wild
counterparts. Along with higher production Feni a popular
juice made from the nut was also created. Over a few years Vietnam has become the world’s
leader in producing cashew nuts where Brazil being 5th in the world is number 1 when it
comes to cashew apples or the fruit that grows around the nut. I’ll cover this more in depth in another
video but you can only harvest the cashew apple or the nut but not both. As of 2003 the cashew surpassed the almond
as the number 1 nut crop in the world. Lemon
Thought to have originated from the central Himalayan foothills the lemon is guessed to
have come from a cross of two members of the citrus family. The best guess we have is that a cross of
the bitter orange or Citrus aurantium and the citron or the Citrus medica created the
base for the lemon. With archaeological evidence of seeds dating
back 6000 years we know humans have been consuming the lemon or ancient lemon for some time. Whether the lemon came from the citron or
a variation of the citron like the buddha’s hand I’m not sure we’ll ever know. It is said that the armies of Alexander the
Great carried citron to the Mediterranean region around 300 BCE. Close to that time around 136 BCE a Jewish
coin had the image of a citron on one side of it. Chinese writings from 300 CE speak of bushels
of Chinese citrons given as gifts to the Roman Empire. The fruit was imported into Greece and Iran
were it was cultivated and became a staple food in Roman by 300 CE. From there the citron was brought to Italy
where it grew and survived in Sardinia and Sicily. By 1003 the citron was grown and presented
as a token of gratitude to Norman lords. This area became the hub of production which
supplied Germany, France and Italy. The Spaniards brought them across the ocean
where they would have possibly survived in greenhouses in Florida and cultivated production
in 1620 in Peurto Rico. Commercial operations of the fruit began in
California in 1880 but after a couple of rough winters all the trees died off. As citron was being spread about the world
other varieties were created with one being the lemon. Around the same time the citron was being
brought over to the Americas so did the lemon aboard once again Christopher Columbus’s
ship in 1493. A couple hundred years later in 1747, James
Lind started experimenting with adding lemon juice to sailor’s diets who were suffering
from scurvy. Vitamin C was still undiscovered but he stumbled
onto a simple solution to a common problem. Today wild citron trees are still found in
northern India. This originating fruit is still used in places
like Morocco to create preserves or jams.

14 thoughts on “Wild vs Domesticated Foods Ep.3

  • Heck yeah, just got on YouTube and the first thing that falls into my eyes is Ep.3. Thanks once again, greetings from Germany. And for the first time, i got the first comment on a YouTube video. I sent you a link via Email with awesome information, maybe some fruits for the next episode 😉

  • No wonder we are actually dying even eating proper vegetables!!!

    Cos they are not proper any more!

  • Thank goodness C.C. brought us lettuce!🥬🍔🌮🥗🥪…I don't think we could have ever made it without it!😂

  • Love all of those but for the Chinese lettuce which is just a pest around here. Thank you. Blessings David.🙂👋🌿🕊🌿🍀🇨🇦

  • Nice video! I wonder if any new plants are being domesticated right now? Actually that would be such a cool project, choose a weed or something, grow a plot (or multiple plots) of it and every year select for a trait. Just as a hobby.

  • Unsure what is your interest in the long journey of us returning to the foods that we are supposed to eat. As a way to keep things interesting, but also show the possible range of foods that are available and that we once ate, if interested, perhaps you would consider covering families. E.g., of brassica, there's shepherd's purse, various mustards (black, garlic), woad, and I'm not sure what else. Whatever is most bitter and pungent are perhaps the ones most nutritionally dense. Other families: sesbania (of that it's a family that's said some members are termed toxic, unsure of the meaning in that case), fig some, f. religiosa and f. benghalensis, are highly valued, though seems no longer as food (leaves, bark, unsure what the fruit tastes like, perhaps astringent), mallow that includes cotton and the still eaten hibiscus and jute, and I'm not sure what else. Another major category of foods that's now rarely eaten by those with access to only commercially grown foods: flowers.

  • I believe Mankind should try to abstain from over manipulating natural selection (natural random By Chance breeding) which if the money monger world of capitalism could just stop It's belief in the artificial easier provisioning of mankind (through money making man and his money generation systems of a deceivingly crafty hierarchy "of so called Elite" domineering personality driven – money powered overloading type men who's power over his fellow man was deceivingly acquired by educating up and training up the masses to believe in the convenience of money for provisioning mankind.
    If we as the masses who allow the overbearing over-lording empowerment "of so called Elite fellowman" Would just go back to trusting that nature can achieve the provisioning of all the inhabitants of the Earth without the use of The Money generation systems of mans over manipulating hand.
    If only the masses would see fit to just stop spending our way into ensuring our own slavery (by our oblivious compliant use of the Money Generation Systems – "which creates the empowering" of those who believe they are entitled to rule and dominate over their masses the ever progressing greed overtaking, depleting poisoning, over-consuming and money powered "coating over" the face of the Earth. with it's cities and towns of drone workers. If we would agree to allow the masses to return to nice self-sufficient simple little villages where we all voluntarily help each other to nurture the natural provision systems. Then the world would be set free instead of all bought up and owned and over manipulated to make it artificially sweetened up to increase sales. Yes i believe life would be better without the money mongering "natural Earth molesting" over manipulating over lording "over money" – "over empowered hand of Elite man. Who becomes Empowered by our oblivious compliant use of money as the excessively convenient deceivingly taught-in "supposed reducer of necessary toil which i believe is not so necessary for our our provision. Because if we would be allowed back in environmentally friendly villages helping each other Free-Of-Charge to procure our provision Life on Earth would BE – Free-of-charge. AND Free of Money mongering Overlords. (at least until they use all the last of their tax money to purchase more the latest greatest superior weaponry.with which to convert all the villagers back into slaves for Empowering their Money Generating Systems of power and over-lording control. "Money Generation Systems. (by the toil and sweat of the masses brow"

    BTW I have a method to get back to simple environmentally friendly – (Earth "and Fellowman Free-of-charge – nurturing" abundantly self-sufficient way of life. Only thing missing is a decent start at accumulating the needed village sized population of volunteers
    . Volunteers Who understand the need to begin the "collaboration "toil" if you will – -necessary to begin the next of design work which is the work of installing the software mechanisms into the – fellowvillager9 – mysite website (a free of charge Wix website)) needed to segregate like minds into 100% volunteer future permaculture principle practicing self maintained self-sufficient food forested, ((like-minded "pre-vetted to be – "efficiently productive")) ("population – self-maintained)) "self governed" (by true consensus voting" ((True consensus = No Leader types Allowed to Lead)) – VILLAGES.
    This proposed method of re-establishing The well provisioned predominantly free-of-charge Village way-of-life (MODERN STYLE) will prove to be a method with which to achieve a very high level of disconnect from the money monger over-overloaded world. And the process of creating your own village should prove to be an enjoyable process.
    So please contact me and we'll begin to move nearer to the buildable "livable" – " practically copy and pasteable"" = repeatable example" of a better way to utilize the Earth.

  • Not truth about cashews. The apples, though not cultivated, were reason for wars of the tribes, and these wars were known as "aracayu," the war of the cashews. Plus, in northestern Brazil, the apples are eaten and then roasted, and these are known to be the best nuts.
    Last, not least, the apples are known to have great amounts of vitamin C, which prevented pre-colombian population to get scurvy, as well as great amounts of protein, being one of the best sources availiable. Brazilian indigenous population use to hunt, but they just preferred not, being cashew apples, peanuts and fish their primary source of protein.

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